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  1. Ethiopia denies role in border killings as Sudan recalls envoy

    Emmanuel Igunza

    BBC News

    Sudan has recalled its envoy to Addis Ababa and summoned Ethiopia's ambassador in protest at the alleged execution of seven Sudanese soldiers in a contested border area.

    Ethiopia has denied that its army is responsible for killings - saying in a statement that it regretted the "loss of life" without specifying their number, and accusing the Sudanese forces of provoking the incident by crossing into Ethiopian territory aided by Tigray Peoples Liberation Front fighters.

    It also alleged in a statement that the incident was "deliberately concocted to undermine relations" between the two nations:

    On Sunday the Sudanese military said that its soldiers had been held captive then killed with their corpses displayed in public. It vowed an response to the killings but did not specify what measures it would take.

    Tensions have been high between Ethiopia and Sudan over the fertile farming area of al-Fashaga near their shared border.

    Clashes between Ethiopian and Sudanese forces have been common over the decades but have escalated over the past year. A compromise deal signed between the two nations in 2008 has failed to end the conflict.

    Ethiopia and Sudan are also locked in dispute over Ethiopia's construction of a huge hydroelectric dam along the River Nile.

  2. Tunisia's top union calls another general strike

    Mike Thomson

    BBC World Service News

    Image caption: Workers are resisting wage freezes and cuts to subsidies

    Tunisia's most powerful union has called for a second general strike in protest at government economic policies.

    The UGTT has about a million members, and its last nationwide strike earlier this month brought the north African country to a standstill.

    The Tunisian government is preparing to negotiate a loan with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to save public finances from bankruptcy.

    The union, which represents many public sector workers, has said it will refuse to accept IMF demands for a wage freeze and cuts in food and energy subsidies.

    No date has yet been set for the strike.

  3. Buhari appoints replacement chief justice after resignation

    Ishaq Khalid

    BBC News, Abuja

    Nigeria's President Muhammadu Buhari has sworn in the most senior judge at the country’s Supreme Court – Justice Olukayode Ariwoola – as the acting chief justice of Nigeria.

    This followed the resignation of Chief Justice Ibrahim Tanko Muhammad due to ill health, and amid allegations from fellow judges of corruption, nepotism and neglect of welfare.

    Speaking with journalists shortly after his appointment, Justice Olukayode promised to "protect" and "preserve" the constitution of Nigeria as well as abide by it.

    He is expected to hold the post until the president appoints a permanent chief justice which needs the approval of the Nigerian senate.

    The chief justice is the head of the Supreme Court and the highest judicial officer in Nigeria.

    The Supreme Court hears disputes on various cases including election results. Nigeria is due to hold elections next February to choose a successor to President Buhari.

  4. Dozens killed in attack on Cameroon village - reports

    Will Ross

    Africa editor, BBC World Service

    There are reports that at least 26 people have been killed in an attack on a village in Cameroon's English-speaking regions, where the military has been fighting separatist rebels for nearly five years.

    It isn't yet clear who was behind the violence.

    A district medical officer said some people were still missing after the attack on Ballin village, near the border with Nigeria.

    Human Rights Watch has accused Anglophone separatist fighters of committing numerous atrocities during the first six months of this year including killings, kidnappings and burning schools.

  5. Cameroonian takes champagne to corruption hearing

    Cameroon's former defence minister caused a stir in court in the capital, Yaoundé, after arriving to face corruption charges with a glass of champagne in hand.

    Edgar Alain Mebe Ngo'o was charged in 2019 with diverting public funds and corruption. He denied the charges and was being held at the Kondengui prison as the trial continued.

    But at the Special Criminal Court last week, photos published by local outlet Actu Cameroun showed him looking clean shaven and well groomed in a double-breasted grey suit, while holding a full champagne flute in his left hand.

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    Another photo showed Mr Ngo'o consulting his lawyers in court with the glass empty.

    The charges are related to awarding of military contracts, including one to a company linked to his wife between 2009 and 2015, Journal du Cameroun reports.

    Mr Ngo'o was sacked from government while serving as transport minister in 2018, after being tipped as a successor to long-time President Paul Biya.

  6. Why Rwanda-DR Congo spat is disrupting school

    Yves Bucyana

    BBC Swahili

    Image caption: Some Rwandan students go to schools across the border in DR Congo

    Rwandan students studying in Goma in the Democratic Republic of Congo are facing security threats arising from the ongoing spat between the two neighbouring countries.

    DR Congo accuses Rwanda of backing the Congolese M23 rebels and has recently halted all trade and cooperation agreements. Rwanda denies the allegations.

    The situation at the border is still tense and this is now causing concerns, with some parents worried for their children studying across the border.

    Some students have told the BBC that they risk being targeted for who they are and this has had an impact on their education.

    “I live in Rubavu and study medicine just across the border in Goma. When the protests started they chased Rwandese. The director [of my college] said those that have families in Goma can stay in school and those of us who study while crossing back to Rwanda should return home immediately,” a Rwandese student told the BBC.

    A parent whose children study in DR Congo told the BBC that there was initially no problem with them studying in Goma and returning to Rwanda “but now we are very concerned”.

    The mayor of Rubavu, Ildephonse Kambogo, said Rwanda has cautioned its citizens to observe their safety as a priority and reduce unnecessary travel across the border.

    The exact number of Rwandan students studying in Goma is not known but there are thought to be many.

  7. Man jailed for life for murder of brother with albinism

    Peter Jegwa

    Lilongwe, Malawi

    Five people convicted of the murder of a man whose body parts they planned to sell have been sentenced to life imprisonment with hard labour in Malawi.

    Macdonald Masumbuka, who had albinism, was killed in 2018 in the southern district of Machinga.

    One of those sentenced to life was Masumbuka's own brother.

    Also sentenced by the Malawi high court on Tuesday was a Catholic priest, Thomas Muhosha, who along with four other men received a lesser sentence of 30 years in prison.

    Judge Dorothy NyaKaunda Kamanga said factors she considered in the sentencing included the fact that the deceased was betrayed by people close to him, that his murder was carefully planned and that he was killed violently in a graveyard.

    The Catholic Church in Malawi suspended Muhosha from priesthood when news of his involvement in case first broke back in 2018.

    Over the past decade, Malawi has experienced violent attacks on persons with albinism driven by superstitious beliefs that their bones and body parts can be used to make charms that bring wealth or good luck.

    According to official statistics, since 2014, more than 170 people living with albinism have been killed or maimed in such attacks.

  8. African fund promises $3bn for vaccine self-sufficiency

    Charles Gitonga

    BBC News

    Image caption: Africa currently imports more than 70% of all its medicines

    Some $3bn (£2.4bn) will be invested over the next 10 years to end vaccine dependency across the continent, the Africa Development Bank (AfDB) has pledged.

    The plan incudes a new pharmaceutical centre for research, development and manufacturing based in Rwanda's capital, Kigali.

    It has been widely lauded as key towards ending Africa’s dependence on outside donations, as recently witnessed during the Covid-19 pandemic

    AfDB say it will also help patent and license African-made medicines, and support governments to navigate the intellectual property rights to global vaccines and medicines.

    It follows a recent World Trade Organisation announcement of a partial waiver on coronavirus vaccine patents, allowing select developing countries to produce the jabs.

    AfDB says Africa currently imports more than 70% of all its medicines, spending about $14bn every year.

  9. Catholic priest found dead after latest Nigeria kidnap

    Chris Ewokor

    BBC News

    A Catholic priest who was kidnapped in Nigeria's southern state of Edo has been found dead hours later.

    Local church leader says Father Christopher Odia was abducted from his home in Ikabigbo on Sunday as he was about to head to mass.

    Witnesses say his body was discovered by a search party of outraged locals and security forces.

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    It comes less than 24 hours after another priest - Father Vitus Borogo - was murdered on his farm in north-western Nigeria, and three weeks after gunmen killed at least 40 worshippers at a church in south-western Ondo state.

    Nigeria has been grappling with deadly violence including kidnappings in numerous parts of the country. Criminal gangs remain active, with some of them targeting churches and priests.

    Meanwhile authorities in Nigeria’s north-western state of Zamfara state are urging citizens to arm themselves against bandits after a spate of attacks.

    Some Nigerians living in other states hit by violence say they too want to register to carry guns and defend themselves against attackers.

  10. Nigeria's top judge resigns amid corruption allegations

    Nduka Orjinmo

    BBC News, Abuja

    Nigeria’s highest-ranking judicial officer Justice Tanko Muhammad has resigned from his position.

    Multiple local reports say Mr Muhammad, Nigeria’s Chief Justice, resigned on the grounds of ill health.

    His resignation comes amid allegations of corruption, nepotism and neglect of personnel welfare against him by other Supreme Court justices.

    He denied the allegations, saying "judges in all climes are to be seen and not heard" and that the unprecedented public spat was "akin to dancing naked in the market square".

    Mr Muhammad first became a justice of the top court in 2006 and became Nigeria’s Chief Justice in 2019 after the controversial removal of his predecessor by President Muhammadu Buhari.

    The next ranking justice is expected to be sworn in as a successor by President Buhari.

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  11. SA tavern tragedy: I saw them fall one after another

    Nomsa Maseko

    BBC Southern Africa correspondent

    Promise Matinise, the entertainment manager of a nightclub where at least 21 people died over the weekend, has told the BBC that he “saw people falling one after the other after bouncers struggled to control large crowds that had entered the establishment”.

    He also says that “at first he assumed they had passed out from drinking too much and then realised that some had stopped breathing”.

    This is when they phoned the owner of the establishment to alert him to what was happening, he says.

    He added that the venue often hosted large crowds, but that this past weekend it seemed like more people had attended the event.

    There are reports that people who had gone to the Enyobeni Tavern in the city of East London were celebrating the end of school exams.

    The cause of the deaths was not immediately clear and the authorities are investigating. The victims were found strewn across floors and tables

  12. SA revokes tavern permit after teenagers' deaths

    Nomsa Maseko

    BBC Southern Africa correspondent

    Image caption: Residents accuse the owner of ignoring liquor trading rules

    South African authorities have revoked a nightclub's permit to sell alcoholic beverages following the deaths of at least 21 people, mostly teenagers, at the establishment.

    The cause of deaths remains unknown.

    Yellow police tape has been used to cordon off the tavern where the teenagers died after a party on Saturday night.

    Police have also been sent there as forensic investigators carry out their work.

    South Africa’s liquor board has said the nightclub owner will face criminal charges after the underage patrons died at the premises.

    Residents in the area want the nightclub to be closed down. They’ve accused the owner of ignoring the rules on liquor trading licences, and only focusing on making a profit.

    By law, nobody under the age of 18 is allowed in nightclubs in South Africa.

    Authorities say there were no visible injuries on the bodies of the deceased and suspect that the deaths could be linked to poisoning.

  13. Tems wins best international act at BET awards

    Image caption: She also collected the prize for best collaboration

    Nigerian singer Tems says she's honoured to have been recognised by BET in the US, saying "this is my first award show that I’m winning something".

    She was crowned this year's best international act at the ceremony in Los Angeles on Sunday.

    The 27-year-old is best known to fans outside of Nigeria for her huge hit with Wizkid in 2020, called Essence.

    A later remix of that song featuring Canadian star Justin Bieber was also named best collaboration at the BET awards on Sunday.

    "I just want to use this as an opportunity to speak to every single young, old, whatever, every single woman watching this, every single girl watching this at home. Where I’m from, things like this don’t happen," Tems said accepting her prize.

  14. Suspected cattle thieves buried alive in Mozambique

    Jose Tembe

    BBC News, Maputo

    Police in Mozambique have arrested nine people suspected to have tortured and buried alive seven suspected cattle rustlers in the district of Manhiça, near the capital, Maputo.

    A spokesman of the provincial police command, Juarce Martins, has confirmed the deaths and arrests, and said the identity of the victims had not yet been confirmed.

    He said a team of government officials had visited the site to for the exhumation of the bodies.

    Over the weekend, some relatives of the victims went to collect the bodies of their relatives.

  15. AU calls for probe into migrant deaths in Spanish enclave

    Image caption: More than 100 migrants made it into the enclave, Spanish officials said

    The African Union has called for an immediate investigation into the death of at least 23 migrants who died on Friday when a huge crowd tried to cross into Spain's North African enclave of Melilla.

    AU Commission chairperson Moussa Faki Mahamat said he was shocked and concerned about the treatment that African migrants receive when they attempt to cross international borders.

    “I remind all countries of their obligations under international law to treat all migrants with dignity and to prioritize their safety and human rights, while refraining from the use of excessive force,” Mr Mahamat said in a tweet.

    The authorities in Morocco said some of those who died had fallen from the top of a border fence that separates Morocco and Melilla.

    More than 130 people managed to jump over the fence.

    Melilla and Ceuta, Spain’s other North African enclave, have the European Union’s only land borders on the African continent.

    Friday’s mass crossing attempt was the first since Spain and Morocco ended a year-long diplomatic dispute in March.

    This was after Spain supported Morocco’s autonomy plan for the disputed region of Western Sahara.